Phase I of the IPPP activities in
Guinea-Bissau concentrated on crisis management/stabilization related
to the assassination of the Head of the Armed Forces and potential
violence that could have occurred in a volatile presidential election
in July 2005. We commissioned an evaluation report from the West African Network for
Peacebuilding (WANEP) to document the results of our work. Initial
observations indicate that the IPPP and the various activities that it
initiated with the Armed Forces, Civil Society, and international
actors played an important role in the peaceful transition of power
through the election.
Phase II of the
intervention started with the facilitation of a multi-issue,
multi-stakeholder action planning session in Bissau. The session was
held to produce a "National Plan of Action for Peace and Prosperity in
From February 15 to 19, twenty senior
representatives from key sectors in Guinea-Bissau participated in a
dynamic, creative, and thoughtful meeting to develop a National Action
Plan for Peace and Prosperity in Guinea-Bissau. The National Action
Planning Session was facilitated by a six-person team of experts,
including Mr. Jeff Mapendere of The Carter Center, funded by the International
Peace and Prosperity Project. The Session was held under the auspices
of a Process Design Committee drawn from Bissau.
The event was very
successful. The participants developed a National Action Plan that
identifies specific actions that can be taken immediately and be
completed soon, or that begin over the next 18 months to address some
of the key issues that will advance the development of peace and
prosperity in Guinea-Bissau.
The IPPP completed Phase
II by undertaking several activities to support the implementation of
the National Action Plan.
Phase II Completed Activities:
- Local Implementation Committee established and housed at PLACON plus a
local Implementation Coordinator hired with IPPP funding.
- Disseminated the National Action Plan. Contributed to the
reconciliation movement in Guinea-Bissau by collaborating on the
ECOWAS/CPLP/UNOGBIS-sponsored reconciliation process.
- Supported a mission by Search for Common Ground to asses the possibility
of starting new programming in Guinea-Bissau.
- Funds donated to support a youth workshop. Supported the
development of a Defense Strategy Paper.
- Continued to build and support an informal network of Friends of Guinea-Bissau.
- Hired a Consultant from Intermediate Technology Consultants to assess the Feasibility
of Small Business Incubators.
- Presented at an UNDP-Sponsored Conference on Early
Warning Systems Held in Khartoum, Sudan. To read the conference report
- Presented at an Event Entitled 'Catalytic Processes
for Integrated Country Peacebuilding Strategies: What Are They
Accomplishing?' Hosted by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for
Scholars. To read the event summary click Here.
Phase III of the project focused on the
completion and continuation of some activities from earlier phases,
including continued lobbying and awareness raising, continued
development of lessons learned, and continued technical support for the
implementation of some activities from the National Action Plan.
Additionally, Phase III included new activities such as
undertaking political mediation, making a larger contribution to the
reconciliation movement within Guinea-Bissau, new support for ongoing
and planned SSR/DDR activities, and an increased focus on economic
Phase III Completed Activities:
- IPPP is presented at the UN. To read the press release
- IPPP attended a Roundtable Donors Conference in Geneva. To
read the IPPP report on the conference click Here.
- An IPPP-supported workshop to identify issues and
solutions related to bolstering cashew production and sales was held on
December 11-12, 2006. A workshop report will be forthcoming.
- The IPPP supported a new regularly-occurring Trade Fair
that brings together producers, processors, and consumers to promote
- The IPPP provided funding support to the Military
Reconciliation Commission so they could extend their activities beyond
- The IPPP supported a new project developed by the Chamber
of Agriculture, Commerce, and Industry which will help small, medium,
and large businesses to improve their performance via several
activities (e.g. legal assistance, training, and consulting).
- On March 8-10, 2007 the IPPP in collaboration with Search for Common Ground
designed and facilitated a three day workshop with over 20 journalists
on the topic of 'Reporting in Conflict Settings'.Workshop participants
were introduced to a variety of tools for conflict analysis and neutral
- On March 15-16, 2007 the IPPP designed and facilitated a
two day informal dialogue on national reconciliation which was convened
- The IPPP provided financial assistance to the Chamber of
Commerce for the development of a Labor Roster in order to list,
promote, and develop a local labor force.
- On June 8-9, 2007 the IPPP and ECOWAS convened a
two day dialogue to discuss the proposed terms of reference of the New
National Commission on Reconciliation.
- The IPPP commissioned Reseau Liberte,
a Canadian organization specializing in the development of an
independent press in new democracies, to deliver a training workshop on
investigative journalism in Bissau from 13-17 November, 2007. To read
more about this event in their newsletter click Here.
- In February, 2008 the IPPP granted funds to
the Union of Journalists and Technicians of Social Communication
(SINJOTECS) to hold a one-day media conference. This
conference serves as a follow-up to the session held in November,
- In August, 2008 the IPPP provided funds to the "Citizens'
Goodwill Task Force" (CGWTF) so that it could undertake several
new activities aimed at helping to promote a peaceful election in
Types of Core Capacities to Prevent Political Violence:
1- Structures: there must be structures that embody
the rule of law.
2- Mechanisms and Processes: the struggle for power within the
country is channeled into nonviolent mechanisms and processes.
3- Skills: individuals within the country are equipped with
non-adversarial skills and the ability to express and resolve conflict
4- Values: the country de-values violence and values peace.
adapted from Hoffman, Ben. (2003) "1+1=3: New Math for Human
Hoffman, Ben. (2007) "The Peace Guerilla Handbook."; and Hoffman,
Approaches for Measuring Successful Conflict Prevention: With Examples
Phase IV of the project focuses on
capacity-based violence prevention. Based on lessons
from earlier phases of the project, the need for increasing
the core-capacities of the country to prevent violence became evident.
Accordingly, this phase of the project will identify specific
capacities, utilize a Local Advisory Group (LAG) to monitor them on a
monthly basis, and then strive to build those capacities through a
combination of catalytic actions, direct service delivery, and
Phase IV completed activities:
In September, 2008 the IPPP's Local
Advisory Group (LAG) was formed and the first meeting was convened in
October, 2008. During this meeting the LAG identified the specific
capacities that Guinea-Bissau requires to prevent political
In October, 2008 the IPPP facilitated a
four-day mediation training workshop for several community leaders and
civil society representatives in Guinea-Bissau.
In February, 2009 the IPPP facilitated a
second four-day mediation training workshop for several community
leaders and civil society representatives in Guinea-Bissau in order to
further assist them to develop and refine their
In April, 2009 the IPPP provided funding to
the "Citizens' Goodwill Task Force" (CGWTF) so that it could undertake
new radio programming to promote a message of reconciliation and to
improve voter education in preparation for the upcoming elections.
In May, 2009 the IPPP provided funds for a
"Night of Peace". This event was well-attended and it provided an
opportunity to further increase voter eduction and to promote a message
on the importance of holding free and fair elections.
- In June, 2009 the IPPP provided funds to hold a series of
pre- and post-election civic education debates, create and broadcast
new election-related radio programming, and hold a youth peace festival
at the stadium in Bissau.
Opening Ceremonies for The National Action Planning Session
Local Facilitators Lead Small Group Sessions to
Design the National Action Plan for Guinea-Bissau
The National Action Plan for Guinea-Bissau is
Presented to the Group (February 2006)
Instability in Guinea-Bissau
The Conflict Analysis undertaken
in the National Action Planning Session identified 8 key issues for
1. Lack of Trade Culture
2. Lack of Education/Professional training
3. Lack of Political Tools to Solve Ethnic, Religious and Military
4. Lack of a National Image
5. Lack of Good Administration
7. Economic Stagnation
8. Lack of Justice
The 8 key problems are manifest
through several cross-cutting impacts. Some examples of the main
consequences identified include:
- Political Instability Corruption Lack of a
National Image Rise of HIV Unemployment Extreme
Poverty Strikes and Late Payment of
Salaries Criminality Lack of Development Permanent
Conflicts Permanent Political Crisis Lack of
- Lack of Good Political Will
Furthermore, 8 main causes were
identified by the analysis; the main causes are listed below and are
related to the main problems and consequences listed above:
1. Crisis in State Affirmation
2. Lack of qualified human resources
3. Inadequacy and lack of clear goals in the educational and profession
4. Mistrust in win-win dialogue
5. Manipulation of national security and defense force for political
6. Lack of favorable climate for business and investment
7. Increase of non-conciliatory interest groups
8. Struggle for power
Key Background Documents and Related Research:
Bissau Monitor (June, 2009)
Another Case of Wait and See? (June, 2009)
Bissau Monitor (May, 2009)
IPPP - Rule of Law Needs Assessment by Richard
Moore and Sylvia McMechan (February, 2009)
IPPP -- Guinea-Bissau: Project Review by Peter
Woodrow and Stephen Murphy, CDA Collaborative Learning Projects
a Model for a Whole-of-Problem Approach to Preventing
Violent Conflict by Evan Hoffman (March, 2008)
Early Warning System for Sudan (February, 2007)
STILL POSSIBLE: Three
Keys to Peace and Prosperity in Guinea-Bissau (January, 2007)
PREVENTING POLITICAL VIOLENCE: Towards a Model for
Catalytic Action (August, 2006)
A Few Donors Keep Hope Alive for Guinea-Bissau
Feasibility Study into the Establishment of a Small Business Incubator
Short Summary of the IPPP's Approach & Activities
Evaluation of the International Peace and Prosperity Project's Work in
Guinea-Bissau (October 2004 - February 2006) by Paz Buttedahl,
Ph.D. and Rosemary Cairns, M.A. Royal Roads University
National Action Plan for Peace and Prosperity in
Nationale pour la Paix et la Prospérité en
about the February 2006 National Action Planning Session
"Failed State" Looking to Recover (Update & Prospective from the
Reconciliation and Renewal in Guinea-Bissau
POSSIBLE: A Ripe Opportunity to Avert Violent Conflict And Achieve
Sustainable Peace in Guinea-Bissau
Plan for Peace and Prosperity in Guinea-Bissau: Concept Paper
and Rwanda Are Household Names in Canada: An Op Ed Piece
Guerilla (MPG Movie) - A short movie about the IPPP.
2005 Trip Report